Acne and its treatment

Acne and its treatment

Acne and its treatment

Acne can be a constant daily nuisance. Healing from acne is slowly taking place once it starts to disappear until others appear.


Hormones are likely to play a major role in the onset of acne and make them a particular nuisance in young people, yet people of all ages may suffer from it.


Some women may also experience the moderate onset of acne at different stages of hormonal changes that permeate their lives, such as pregnancy, menstrual cycle, and when using contraceptive pills or when they stop taking them.


Acne symptoms

Acne appears on the surface of the skin of the face, neck, chest, back, and shoulders. These are the skin areas with the highest number of effective fat glands. Acne appears in various forms, such as:


White or Black Heads

These heads appear when pores containing hair follicles are blocked by fatty secretions, dead skin cells, or germs.


When the heads are open towards the surface of the skin, blackheads are named for the black color of the matter gathered in the hair bulb, and when these heads are closed, they are named white heads and appear as bumps with skin color.



Blackheaded pimples on the surface of the skin are an indicator of inflammation of the hair follicle.


Vivid swelling

Like Ziwan the color is painful red, it also has an inflamed head and white color in its limbs.



Painful vesicles or cysts filled with pus form beneath the surface of the skin, and this type of grain may leave scars.


Causes and factors of acne risk

There are three reasons for acne:

  • Production of surplus sebum.
  • Irregular formation of dead skin cells causes alerting hair follicles in the skin.
  • Accumulation of germs.

Acne appears when hair follicle pores are blocked with milk juice and dead cells. Each platoon that is connected to the milk gland of this gland produces a fatty substance called sebum that is tasked with lubricating hair and skin.


Milky succulents head out along the hair canal until they reach the surface of the skin when the body secrets an excess amount of milky juice and dead skin cells.


This blockage may cause bloating in the wall of the hair bulb resulting in the formation of the white head, and the blockage may make its way out of the surface of the skin, becoming black and forming a black head.


Hormonal changes and their relationship to acne

Hormonal changes in the body play a role in the appearance or aggravation of acne, these changes are particularly common in:


  • Young men and women alike.
  • Young women or women two to a week before menstruation.
  • Pregnant women.
  • People taking certain drugs, especially cortisone.

Risk factors increase the appearance of acne

There are other risk factors, including:

  • Skin is directly exposed to fatty substances or specific cosmetic preparations.
  • Previous cases of acne in the family. If parents suffer from acne, children are likely to suffer from it too.
  • Friction or pressure on the skin as a result of the use of landlines or mobile phones, a head helmet, a neck collar, or a backpack.

Complications of acne

Scratching and touching acne-infected areas can cause infection to infect other areas of the body with acne.


Acne diagnosis

Acne is diagnosed by a physical examination by a doctor.


Acne Treatment

Acne treatment depends on reducing the production of milky juice and fat, increasing the frequency of skin regeneration, treating microbial contamination, reducing inflammation, or combining these four compounds.


Acne Treatment Period

The period of acne treatment in young people or adults may range from a few months to a few years until full recovery, the effect of acne is related to its severity as it may generate psychological distress and may leave scars on the surface of the skin and then we need to treat the effects of acne.


There is an effective treatment for acne either by a dermatologist or independently, acne treatment in minor cases is generally done by simple means such as cleaning the skin daily with a light detergent, and using ointment does not require a prescription.


In intractable cases, acne treatment generally depends on one or more medications that can only be obtained medically, some preventive measures that will help preserve the skin and protect against re-emergence.


Acne Treatment Methods

All proposed acne treatments do not give immediate results, but rather begin to appear after 4 - 8 weeks so that the situation can worsen in certain cases before improvement appears.

A family physician or dermatologist may recommend medication acne treatment either to be painted on the surface of the skin as a topical treatment or to be swallowed as oral medication, preventing the use of oral drugs that require prescription during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Different treatments for acne also include:


Topical treatments

Acne treatment fat and emulsions of dry milk juice and oils, eliminate germs and stimulate the loss of dead skin cells.

Non-prescription preparations are generally nice and contain effective substances such as Benzoyl peroxide, sulfur, salicylic acid, and lactic acid.



If the pimples do not respond to these treatments, it is preferable to go to the family physician or dermatologist for a prescription of more effective fat or emulsion, Retinol acid (Retinol acid) a form of medication for vitamin-based topical therapy.


These drugs are based on stimulating cell regeneration and preventing the formation of blockages in the hair bulb. In addition, there are certain drugs that effectively mimic antibiotics used for topical treatment. These drugs eliminate germs on the surface of the skin.


To obtain the best result, the therapist may need to combine more than one drug at the same time, such as:


  • Antibiotics.
  • Isotretinoin.
  • Preventive means took orally.

Laser acne treatment.

Cosmetic treatments: exfoliating the skin with chemicals or microdermabrasion.

The doctor can follow certain procedures for treating and mitigating scars caused by acne, including:


  • Soft tissue filling.
  • Peel the deformed skin.
  • Scrape the dermis which is one of the layers of the skin and falls directly under the skin.
  • Laser treatment.
  • Surgery on the skin.

 Acne Prevention

Even when recovering from acne or disappearing altogether, it may be necessary to continue medication or any other treatment with the aim of preventing its re-emergence, in some cases, it may be necessary to continue local medication treatment in places where pimples are likely to appear.


You should keep using preventive methods or continue phototherapy to protect the skin and keep it free of acne. You should talk to your attending physician about prevention methods that prevent the re-emergence of pimples.


You can follow home-based methods, such as washing and cleansing skin with a light cleansing lotion, and of course, you should refrain from touching and scratching affected areas.


Tips to Avoid Re-Infection of Acne

Additional ways to prevent the resurgence of youth love include:


Washing areas at risk twice a day.

Use anti-acne drugs that can be acquired without a prescription, in order to dry excess milky juice in the skin.

  • Avoid using cosmetic powders in abundance.
  • Remove these powders before bed.
  • Wear wide clothes that are not glued to the skin.
  • Shower after exercise or other physical activities.

Alternative treatments

Acne and its effects can be mitigated by the use of levers gel.



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