Protein supplements and anabolic hormones (steroids)Anabolic hormones are known to be effective in building muscle, and they are to be used under medical advice only.
- The use of anabolic hormones in sports competitions is prohibited, as they cause harm to health.
- Athletes need protein because intense exercise requires protein at a higher rate than normal intake.
- There is no point in taking a protein supplement for muscle hypertrophy for those who receive their protein needs from food and do resistance exercises.
- Dietary supplements are called (supplements); Because it complements nutrients and is not a substitute for them.
Millions of people take sports supplements and anabolic hormones for additional health benefits such as weight loss and muscle building, but is it safe to take these supplements and anabolic hormones? In fact, some supplements are harmful to health, and anabolic hormones should not be used without medical advice and necessity.
anabolic (steroid) hormones
They are chemicals secreted by the endocrine glands (or organs) in the body to regulate and control the body's functions.
Anabolic (steroid) hormones:
They are natural or synthetic hormones that stimulate growth and construction and increase the volume of muscle tissue and differ in their vital functions according to their type.
Anabolic hormones (steroids):
- This type is referred to as "structural"; Because it stimulates the building process in the body such as building bones and muscles and building steroids including growth hormone, male hormone (testosterone), and insulin-like growth factor (IGF-1), and it has been known for its effectiveness in building muscles, and it is used under medical advice only.
- Sometimes, some athletes use anabolic steroids without a prescription for the purpose of improving their athletic performance or building muscle, but this is against the laws of honest competition in sports, and because it causes harm to health, its use in sports competitions has been prohibited.
- Anabolic steroids are taken in many different forms, including tablets, creams, patches, needles, and sublingual drops.
- Some people use animal steroids, which often contain the same human steroids but are not pure.
Damage to anabolic hormones:
Anabolic steroids cause several physical and psychological damages. In men, they reduce the number of sperm, reduce the size of the testicles, increase the size of the breasts, and lead to the loss of hair on the head. For women, they cause a change in the voice, enlargement of the genitals, an increase in the amount of body hair, and a decrease in the size of the breasts.
They raise blood pressure in men and women, increase acne, and negatively affect the heart, liver, and kidneys, and the use of these hormones leads to increased aggression in a person, mood changes, and depression, as well as the exchange of injections between people may cause the transmission of diseases such as AIDS and viral hepatitis, and their acquisition.
Over-the-counter does not guarantee that its contents will not be adulterated.
The side effects:
- The appearance of acne.
- Baldness or hair loss.
- Liver problems and tumors.
- blood clots
- heart disease.
- High blood pressure and cholesterol.
- Aggressive behavior.
- The appearance of facial hair.
- sound depth.
- Increased body hair.
- Menstrual disorder.
- Increased appetite.
- Clitoral enlargement.
- breast growth
- Shrinking of the testicles.
- Reducing the amount of sperm.
Proteins are very important for many body functions, especially in building and repairing cells, including building muscles. They are also the basis for the formation of hormones, enzymes, and antibodies. Sufficient protein intake is of great importance to athletes, especially bodybuilders.
Protein mechanism of action:
Proteins accelerate muscle growth by providing the basic components of proteins, which are amino acids.
Because intense exercises require proteins at a rate higher than normal consumption, and by increasing the rate of protein intake, muscle growth increases faster, and damaged ones are restored after physical effort.
Protein needs of athletes:
Most health authorities recommend that the average non-athletic person consume 0.8-1 gm of protein per kilogram of his weight, taking into account the consultation of a doctor for those who suffer from kidney or liver problems.
Between 1.2 and 1.8 g of protein per kg of weight, although some studies indicate that a protein intake of more than 1.6 g per kg may not increase muscle size.
It is worth noting that a moderate increase in protein intake (within 1.2-1.3 g/kg of weight) over the usual intake of those undergoing a weight loss diet may be beneficial in reducing muscle loss.
Definition of protein supplements:
It is taking a food supplement (outside the scope of regular food) in the form of tablets or powder that is mixed with milk, water, or fruit juice to improve its taste, and its source is from cheese manufacturing processes (as in whey protein) or vegetarian (as in protein supplements from peas). Or soy or rice...etc).
Factors affecting protein need:
1- Tissue Composition: Growing people and pregnant women need to get more protein.
2- Protein quality: Vegetarians (who do not eat protein from an animal source) should diversify their protein sources to get all of the essential amino acids.
3- Health status: Some conditions and diseases that affect tissues increase the need for more proteins (eg: surgeries and severe burns).
4- Physical activity: The greater the physical activity, the greater the consumption of energy obtained from food, as the excess energy is converted in the body into tissues, which increases muscle mass.
5- Energy Need: Protein serves as a backup source of energy when carbohydrates and fats are not available.
Points to remember:
- The body needs carbohydrates to supply the muscles with energy, depending on the intensity and duration of physical activity.
- Protein helps build and repair muscles.
- Sports nutrition specialists recommend that snacks contain carbohydrates and proteins in a ratio of 4:1.
- It is recommended to eat meals one to three hours before physical activity, and twenty minutes after physical activity.
Do all athletes need to take a protein supplement?
Most scientific opinions indicate that most athletes who get enough protein from food do not need to take a protein supplement. Provided that this does not exceed their total protein requirement from food and protein supplements
The right times to take protein supplements:
There are several factors that affect the digestion and absorption of protein in general, including age, hormones, activity level, and muscle mass. It is recommended to take it at the following times:
- Thirty to sixty minutes before exercise.
- Forty-five to sixty minutes after exercise.
- The beginning of the day: taking protein supplements immediately after waking up prevents the body from breaking down muscles, which occurs naturally after abstaining from eating for more than eight hours while sleeping, but this does not mean that protein supplements should be taken in particular, but all-natural protein sources can also do this. Purpose (eg: salmon, chicken, meat, dairy products, oatmeal).
- End of the day: When you sleep, as mentioned previously, the body will refrain from eating for more than eight hours, so it is possible to eat protein to help it build and repair during sleep and prevent muscle breakdown. It is preferable to eat milk protein (casein) because it is slow to absorb.
Contraindications for the use of protein supplements:
It is necessary to consult a doctor when wanting to take protein supplements for those who suffer from kidney or liver diseases, who have an allergy to milk (in the case of taking a whey protein supplement or casein), or suffer from gout, and taking a whey protein supplement may conflict with The effectiveness of some medications such as antibiotics or some osteoporosis medications.
Guidelines for the use of protein supplements:
- Most people get enough protein from their diet and don't need a protein supplement.
- Food proteins should not be replaced by protein supplements, because proteins from food contain natural nutrients (such as vitamins and minerals).
- Some people stick to strict diets (such as vegetarians) and don't get enough protein, so protein supplements may be beneficial for them.
- There are concerns that protein supplements may be harmful to the body, as they may overburden the liver and cause permanent damage.
- Care should be taken to follow the instructions of a nutritionist when using any type of supplement to ensure that the appropriate amount is used, and to avoid overdoing it.
- There are no right or wrong ways to promote muscle growth, they all differ depending on people's response to protein supplements.
- Avoid letting children use it.
- You should consult a doctor if you notice any side effects after using protein supplements.
- Protein supplements are not the only ones that increase muscle mass, strength, and endurance, but must be accompanied by appropriate physical activity and adequate calorie intake.
- There is no magic formula for building a perfect body. Bodybuilders need to commit to intense exercise and healthy food over a period of years, not just days or months.
Dietary supplements are called (supplements) because they complement nutrients and do not replace them!