Blood pressure... All you need to know in 8 points Chronic high blood pressure affects millions of people around the world. Learn everything about pressure in 8 points
Chronic high blood pressure affects millions of people around the world, due to smoking, weight gain, lack of healthy diets, and constant stress, without many knowing what blood pressure is and its importance to the body.
The British website Net Doctor published a report on blood pressure awareness in 8 points:
1- Blood pressure keeps you alive
Despite the small size of the human heart, it is a powerful pump that beats steadily, as it pumps about 5 liters of blood around our body every minute, day and night. And in order to do that there needs to be a certain degree of pressure in our blood circulation to maintain this flow, which is what you call blood pressure.
There are two types of blood pressure, the pressure that occurs when the heart contracts and is known as systolic pressure, and blood pressure that occurs when the heart relaxes and is called diastolic pressure.
And these types of pressure are according to which doctors measure blood pressure in general, and it should be 140/80, and 140 refers to systolic pressure and 80 to diastolic pressure.
2- Blood pressure changes throughout the day
Blood pressure changes naturally throughout the day and increases with exercise, stress, or when resting and sleeping. You can buy a blood pressure monitor at home, to monitor your blood pressure accurately, especially since some people have high blood pressure when they go to the doctor, and this is known as "white coat blood pressure".
But this does not mean that you have to measure your blood pressure daily or even every week, and if you are taking treatments for high blood pressure and the condition is stable, you can measure it every few months or weeks. If your blood pressure is normal, check it twice a year. Most doctors agree that a normal blood pressure of 130/80 or less is good, but if you have diabetes or heart disease, lower measurements are better.
3- High blood pressure sometimes occurs suddenly
High blood pressure affects many people, especially as they get older. It usually occurs because the arteries that carry blood around the body become less flexible and stiffer with age.
But for the majority of people, there is no clear cause of high blood pressure, and there is a medical reason for high blood pressure for only 10% of people with it, and it is called secondary hypertension.
Among the reasons that lead to this kind of pressure are kidney diseases, problems with the blood supply to the kidneys, alcohol addiction, and some hormonal disorders that affect the kidneys.
4- Various factors lead to high blood pressure
There are many factors that lead to high blood pressure, such as having a family history, obesity, smoking, salty food, lack of exercise, diabetes, and kidney disease.
5- You may not be aware that your blood pressure is high
One of the biggest problems with high blood pressure is that most people don't have many symptoms. Even healthy people can get high blood pressure without knowing it.
However, in very advanced cases of the disease, the patient notices nosebleeds, headaches, sleeping difficulties, confusion, and breathing problems.
And if high blood pressure is not detected, it must be treated as soon as possible, as it may increase your chances of having a heart attack or stroke, in addition to heart failure in performing its functions as it gradually loses the ability to pump blood around the body effectively, kidney failure, eye damage, and weakness. widening of the main artery, the aorta.
6- How to deal with high blood pressure
You can help yourself if you are diagnosed with high blood pressure away from medications, by adopting a simple and healthy lifestyle, which includes stopping smoking, which doubles your chances of heart disease and increases your chances of dying 3 times before you reach retirement age.
There is also weight loss, every kilogram you lose helps you reduce blood pressure, and the simplest advice is to avoid foods rich in saturated fats, eat more white meat, fatty fish, fresh fruits and vegetables, and increase the amount of fiber, in addition to reducing alcohol consumption, exercising regularly, and avoiding dietary supplements. Salt to food, and stay away from eating processed foods.
7- Medicines to treat high blood pressure
There are many medications that help you treat high blood pressure with minimal side effects, provided that this is under the supervision of a doctor. And if the patient is pregnant or intends to become pregnant, and has high blood pressure, then you should tell your doctor to give you the appropriate medicine without harming you or your fetus.
8- You do not need a home measuring device
There are many affordable and reliable home blood pressure monitors out there, but don't rush to buy one as long as you know your blood pressure is normal. And if have high blood pressure, you can buy a home device to monitor its decrease with the treatment you are undergoing. But don't make measuring your blood pressure at home completely control you and increase your stress because this alone can raise it.