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Utilizing Genetic Code to Decipher Clinical Cancer Samples

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Utilizing Genetic Code to Decipher Clinical Cancer Samples
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The human genome is the complete set of genetic instructions that determine who we are, and more importantly, how to stay healthy. The DNA in each person's genome is packaged neatly into chromosomes, and these chromosomes reside in the nucleus of almost every cell. In any given person, there are around 10,000 genes contained within their genome. Cancers are caused when something goes wrong with genetic material and it starts growing abnormally. This malfunctioning code produces proteins that drive the cancerous growth process. As a result of this, there are certain genetic markers that can help identify different types of cancer or predict how likely a patient might be to respond to a specific treatment plan. As medical research continues to understand the relationship between our genes and various diseases, it’s become apparent that genetics will play an increasingly larger role in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer patients moving forward.

What is Genetic Code and How Does it Cause Cancer?

Genetic code refers to the instructions contained within our DNA that tells the cells how to make proteins. These proteins help to build and sustain the human body. Proteins can also cause harm to the body if they are misfolded or the cells produce too many. This can make a person more likely to develop certain diseases, including cancer. A mutation occurs when there is an error in the genetic code, which can lead to the production of a harmful protein. This can cause the cells to grow and reproduce uncontrollably, forming a tumor. Tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). While benign tumors remain localized and do not spread to other parts of the body, malignant tumors have the potential to spread throughout the body via the bloodstream or lymphatic system, and become life-threatening.

Deciphering Cancer Using Genetic Code

Genetic code tells the DNA sequence of our bodies what proteins to make and how much to produce. This is crucial in determining the state of our health. However, this process breaks down when cancer cells develop. Cancer cells alter the proteins’ code to produce abnormal amounts of proteins that are dangerous for the human body. In addition, cancer has the ability to change the genetic code of healthy cells as well. This is why cancer is often compared to a virus – as it can change the genetic code and cause healthy cells to become cancerous. In order to discover the genetic sequence of cancer cells, researchers must conduct experiments to produce and sample genetic code. Next, they must sequence the DNA to understand the cancer code sequence. With this code, scientists can then use a computer to compare the normal and cancerous genetic code and determine what proteins are produced as a result of the sequence.

Limitations of Genetics in Cancer Research

While genetics is a powerful tool and has proven to be a valuable asset in researching cancer, it also comes with limitations. For example, research has found that approximately 10% of breast cancer cases have a BRCA2 mutation. Although this mutation is most common in women of Ashkenazi Jewish descent, it can also be found in other ethnicities. However, only a small percentage of these women will actually develop breast cancer. The mutation does not guarantee the development of cancer and, for most women, having this mutation is nothing to worry about. These limitations are caused by the fact that it takes decades for cancer to develop even after the mutations have occurred. This is because the body contains multiple layers of protection against cancer, including DNA repair mechanisms that can correct mutations in real-time as well as prevent them from occurring in the first place. This can make it difficult to identify the specific origin of certain cancers, as they may be caused by mutations that have been present in the genome for many years.

Synopsis

The human genome has a code that tells DNA sequence of our bodies what proteins to make and how much to produce. This is crucial in determining the state of our health. However, this process breaks down when cancer cells develop. Cancer cells alter the proteins’ code to produce abnormal amounts of proteins that are dangerous for the human body. In addition, cancer has the ability to change the genetic code of healthy cells as well. This is why cancer is often compared to a virus – as it can change the genetic code and cause healthy cells to become cancerous. In order to discover the genetic sequence of cancer cells, researchers must conduct experiments to produce and sample genetic code. Next, they must sequence the DNA to understand the cancer code sequence. With this code, scientists can then use a computer to compare the normal and cancerous genetic code and determine what proteins are produced as a result of the sequence. With this genetic code and knowledge, researchers can identify the specific mutations that cause the production of harmful proteins. This knowledge can lead to improved treatment methods and an increased chance of survival for patients suffering from cancer.

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